Insulite utilizes three cutting-edge electric horizontal oscillating furnaces to fabricate tempered glass. These furnaces are capable of tempering flat float glass products ranging from 1/8” (3mm) to 1/2” (12mm) in thickness. Notably, each furnace is equipped with two hearths, ensuring enhanced productivity. Additionally, the inclusion of aspirators enables a smoother tempering process for the latest generation of post heat-treatable vacuum deposited reflective and low-e glass products, currently available in the market.
The tempering furnaces raise the glass to a consistent temperature of around 1200 degrees Fahrenheit. Specially designed ceramic rolls smoothly guide the glass through the furnace, carefully controlling the speed to maintain even temperature distribution and minimize any visual distortions. After passing through the furnace, the glass undergoes rapid cooling facilitated by a set of air nozzles. This rapid cooling process induces a state of compression in roughly 20% of the glass's surface, while the center core remains in tension. The strength of tempered glass is derived from these compressed surfaces, making it more durable and resilient.
Tempered Glass possesses approximately five times the mechanical and thermal strength compared to annealed glass of the same thickness. When tempered glass breaks, it forms small, relatively harmless pieces, reducing the risk of severe injuries compared to annealed or heat-strengthened glass. It's worth noting that tempered glass cannot be cut or drilled after the tempering process has been completed.
The presence of bow, warp, and process roll distortion may be noticeable. These traits are inherent to the manufacturing process and fall within the prescribed limits defined by ASTM Standard C1048.
BENEFITS OF TEMPERED GLASS
Thermal Tempering Process
The thermal tempering process is utilized in the production of tempered glass. This process significantly enhances the glass's strength compared to annealed glass.
Strength and Durability
Tempered glass can withstand powerful winds, direct impacts, and even minor explosions without breaking. It is also capable of handling temperatures of up to 470 degrees Fahrenheit, making it suitable for applications exposed to heat.
Clarity and Transparency
Despite undergoing the tempering process for increased durability, tempered glass remains crystal clear and transparent. This quality makes it highly valuable for various uses, including windows, glass doors, display cases, and more.
Tempered glass exhibits versatility and can be used in different scenarios where glass is required, serving various needs.
Its winning combination of attractiveness and robustness makes it an excellent choice for various projects, ranging from simple frameless shower doors to large-scale endeavors like constructing commercial skyscrapers.
The manufacturing process that imparts thermal toughness to tempered glass also grants it scratch-resistant properties, making it ideal for a wide range of applications.